情報アイランド

「情報を制する者は世界を制す」をモットーに様々な情報を提供することを目指すブログです。現在はプログラミング関連情報が多めですが、投資関連情報も取り扱っていきたいです。

ディクテーションの実例244 比較優位について

比較優位について説明している下の動画でディクテーションをしてみました。

Explaining Comparative Advantage
http://www.investopedia.com/video/play/explaining-comparative-advantage/

下がディクテーションしてみた結果です。私はリスニング力が低いので聞き取れなかった部分もありました。そのような部分は?で表しています。また、リスニング力が低いため聞き間違えている部分も多いかと思います。

もし聞き間違えている部分を見付けたら、コメントで教えてくださるととてもありがたいです。


comparative advantage is the ability of an individual, company or country to produce a good or service at a lower opportunity cost than its competitor. having a comparative advantage doesn't mean that one entity is absolutely better than another at producing a good or service. it means that it sacrifices less to do some. suppose ? and ? want to raise money for their favorite charity through a bake sale. on a normal day, ? can bake six chocolate cakes and three ? pies for $30 each. ? can bake four cakes and three pies in one day also for $30 each. ? is baking nine ? per day and earning $270, while ? is baking seven ? per day and earning $210. together, they can make a total of 16 ? and sell them for a total of $480. but what if they both focus on baking a good ? in which they have a comparative advantage. if ? moves his resources into baking chocolate cakes only, the opportunity cost of each extra cake per day will be half of ? pie. the same decision for ? is an opportunity cost of three quarters of a pie. with fewer pies to sacrifice, ? has a comparative advantage over ? in cakes, so he should make only cakes for the fund-raise event. if both examine their comparative advantage in pie baking, ? will give up two cakes for each extra pie he bakes, while ?'s opportunity cost is only 1.3 cakes. ? should then focus on pie baking only since he has a comparative advantage over ?. if they follow this measure, ? makes twelve cakes and earns $360. ? bakes six pies and earns $180. together, they've earned $540, which is $60 more for their charity than if they hadn't specialized based on comparative advantage.

pizyumi
プログラミング歴19年のベテランプログラマー。業務システム全般何でも作れます。現在はWeb系の技術を勉強中。
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